Biography

Hermann Max Pechstein was a German expressionist and printmaker, born in Zwickau in 1881. Pechstein's work was inspired by a number of influential artists, such as Van Gogh, Matisse and the Fauves. Gradually his work became more primitive in style, employing thick lines and angular figures.

He studied at the School of Applied Arts and then the Royal Art Academy in Dresden. While studying at the Royal Academy he met Erich Heckel and joined the art group Die Brüke in 1906.

In 1923 Pechstein became a professor at the Berlin Academy. He was dismissed in 1933 when the Nazi's came to power. During the Second World War a large number of Pechstein's works were removed from German museums. In 1937 sixteen of his works were shown in the Entartete Kunst (Degenerate Art) exhibition. It was during this period that Pechstein led a secluded life in rural Pomerania. In 1945 Pechstein was reinstated as a professor at the Berlin Academy and won a number of awards for his art.

Throughout his lifetime Pechstein produced a vast number of prints, including lithographs, woodcuts, linocuts and etchings. He died in West Berlin in 1955.

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Hermann Max Pechstein (1881-1955)

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